How Anti-Lock Brakes Work

The theory behind anti-lock brakes is simple. A skidding wheel (where the tire contact patch is sliding relative to the road) has less traction than a non-skidding wheel. If you have been stuck on ice, you know that if your wheels are spinning you have no traction. This is because the contact patch is sliding relative to the ice (see Brakes: How Friction Works for more). By keeping the wheels from skidding while you slow down, anti-lock brakes benefit you in two ways: You’ll stop faster, and you’ll be able to steer while you stop.

brakes

Anti-Lock Brake Types

Anti-lock braking systems use different schemes depending on the type of brakes in use. We will refer to them by the number of channels – that is, how many valves that are individually controlled – and the number of speed sensors.

The theory behind anti-lock brakes is simple. A skidding wheel (where the tire contact patch is sliding relative to the road) has less traction than a non-skidding wheel. If you have been stuck on ice, you know that if your wheels are spinning you have no traction. This is because the contact patch is sliding relative to the ice (see Brakes: How Friction Works for more). By keeping the wheels from skidding while you slow down, anti-lock brakes benefit you in two ways: You’ll stop faster, and you’ll be able to steer while you stop.

http://auto.howstuffworks.com/auto-parts/brakes/brake-types/anti-lock-brake1.htm

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Car Maintenance Tips You Can Handle

1. Air Filter

  • Tools You Need: None
  • Time to Complete: 10 minutes
  • Estimated Cost: $10

You need a new air filter for your car every 12 months or 12,000 miles, whichever comes first. You can pay a mechanic and give up your car for a day, or you can replace your air filter at home in about ten minutes.

  1. First, find your filter under the hood of your car. It’s in a black rectangular box with metal clips on the side. Check your owner’s manual if you don’t see it as soon as you pop the hood.
  2. Open up the casing, and check out how the air filter fits inside it. Make a note of which way the filter faces.
  3. Remove the old air filter, and insert the new one exactly how the old one sat.
  4. Remember to close the metal clips when you’re done.

That’s it. For extra savings in the long run, you can extend the life of your new air filter by hitting it with some compressed air to clear out any debris.

2. Windshield Wipers

  • Tools You Need: None
  • Time to Complete: 15 minutes
  • Estimated Cost: $10 to $20
  • I laugh when I visit my local auto parts store and see that they’re having a sale on wiper blades, offering free installation. The free installation only applies if I buy the most expensive blades in the store, so I started changing them on my own. You’ll need new wiper blades after about six months or a year of use. You probably tend to go a little longer before asking your mechanic to change them, but you shouldn’t deal with the danger of streaking while you put off an inconvenient trip to the auto shop.Wiper blade setup differs quite a bit from car to car, so you may have to follow a few different steps according to your owner’s manual. Basically, the process is similar to changing your air filter:
    1. Lift the blades, as if you were washing your windshield by hand, and remove the old blades.
    2. Pay attention to how the old blades connect to the metal arms.
    3. On most models, you’ll see a tab on the underside of the wiper. Push the tab to remove the old blade.
    4. Attach the new blades, being careful not to bend the wiper arms or scratch your windshield. Line everything up and make sure the new ones are secure and tight.

    If you get distracted or just can’t remember exactly how the new blades should fit on the wiper arm, don’t worry. The packaging for the new blades should have a general set of instructions and a helpful diagram.

Read more: http://www.moneycrashers.com/diy-car-maintenance-tips-checklist/

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MONTHLY AUTO MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST

By Deanna Sclar

Part of Auto Repair For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Taking the time for regular under-the-hood vehicle checks will help prevent problems later. Spending 15 minutes every month for an under-the-hood check may prevent 70% of problems that lead to highway breakdowns. Convinced? Then run through the following list once a month or every 1,000 miles:

  • Check the Air Filter
  • Check the accessory belts
  • Check the coolant
  • Check the hoses
  • Check the oil level on the dipstick
  • Check the automatic transmission fluid level on the dipstick
  • Check the brake fluid
  • Check the power-steering fluid
  • Check the windshield wipers and amount of windshield washer fluid
  • Check the wiring
  • Check the tires

Read More: http://www.dummies.com/home-garden/car-repair/monthly-auto-maintenance-checklist/

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How to look after your car so it doesn’t let you down!

Common mistakes that can do bad things to your vehicle

As a proud car owner, you want your vehicle to last as long as possible. In looking after it, the first rule is ‘do no harm’. Here are some blunders to avoid:

Riding your brakes down a long hill – Brake pads wear faster when they heat up, and a sure way to get them super-hot is to ride them all the way down a long hill. A better method is to alternate between braking and letting off the brake.

This is much easier on your brake pads, which won’t keep you safe if they’re worn down to nothing.

Using a pressure washer on your engine – Pressure washers are great for cleaning the grime off your concrete driveway – but not so great for cleaning your car engine, which is a complex piece of equipment with all sorts of small wires, sensors and components.

A high powered jet of water can dislodge electrical bits, hoses and rubber seals in an instant, and is simply a bad idea.

A few rags and some degreaser fluid is all you really need to clean a grimy engine and you probably only have to do this once or twice a year.

Forgetting to change your oil – This must be the most common mental lapse for car owners – leaving their oil change until the engine’s lubricant looks something like sludgy black molasses.

Old engine oil does your car no good at all, so you should change your oil as often as your car manual suggests (and this frequency varies between models). And don’t forget to change the oil filter now and then too.

Neglecting to use the parking brake – Whether you’re parked on a steep hill or reasonably flat ground, you should always use the parking brake.

Aside from obvious safety reasons, using the park brake takes the strain off your transmission – which is not designed to hold your car steady. Something as simple as getting into the habit of using your park brake can potentially add years to the life of your car.

Ignoring those funny sounds – If you let it, your car can talk to you. And if you listen carefully, you can work out what it’s trying to say. That squeak every time you open the passenger door means you need to oil the door hinges. That thumping sound can mean a loose exhaust pipe.

That whining noise can indicate a worn transmission. And that high-pitched squeal you hear when you put on the brakes is serious – it’s a sure sign your brake pads need replacing. Always listen to your car – it will often give you a clue when something isn’t working right.

transmission

 

Read Full Article Here: https://www.budgetdirect.com.au/blog/basic-car-maintenance-checklist.html

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11 innovative car keys taking driving to a whole new level

The BMW 7-series’ key has a full-color touch screen.

The BMW 7-series' key has a full-color touch screen.

BMW

It’s only suiting that a car as high-tech as the BMW 7-series would come with a key fob to match it.

It comes with four buttons to lock and unlock the car, pop open the trunk, and panic. But it also comes with a full-color 2.2-inch touch screen that lets you swipe to see information like whether all the doors are locked and your current fuel range.

You can also use the key to control the climate in the car and toggle the lights. But by far the coolest part is that you can use it to park the car remotely.

Tesla’s Model S key can be used to summon the car.

Tesla's Model S key can be used to summon the car.

AP/Carlos Osorio

Tesla’s key fob was actually designed to look like a mini Tesla Model S

In addition to locking and unlocking the car doors, the Tesla key can be used to tell the car to pull forward and backward, all from a semi-remote distance and without anyone inside of the car.

Koenigsegg’s shield fob looks like something a superhero would carry.

Koenigsegg's shield fob looks like something a superhero would carry.

Koenigsegg

When locking and unlocking the doors of a Koenigsegg, you’ll need something that can make as big of a statement as the car itself.

Koenigsegg’s metal shield key doesn’t have any hugely crazy special features, but what it can give you is the sense of authority and a firm reminder that you drive an insane Swedish supercar.

If driving one of these insane supercars doesn’t give you the thrill or feel of power you were looking for, holding this awesome shield key fob just might.

This Ferrari key may not have any tech-savvy features, but the design is stunning.

This Ferrari key may not have any tech-savvy features, but the design is stunning.

Matthew DeBord/Business Insider

First of all, it’s a key with some weight to it. It’s smooth and big enough that it’s enjoyable to hold without being too clunky. Its functional purpose is hidden on the back, where there are three buttons to lock and unlock the doors as well as pop open the trunk.

To start the car, you stick the key in the ignition and then press a separate button on the steering wheel. In that regard, the key really only has an aesthetic purpose. But hey, with the classic prancing horse and deep red color, it’s not something I would mind lugging around.

Unfortunately, the key only comes with older Ferrari models like the FF. Even Ferrari has given up the traditional key or a fob, but this one is still among our favorites.

Aston Martin’s key fob is topped off with a crystal.

Aston Martin's key fob is topped off with a crystal.

Aston Martin

Though it can only really handle the tasks of an average key fob, the aesthetics of this key make it much more special than most others out there.

Inserting this crystal key into the center of an Aston Martin’s dashboard never gets old.

McLaren’s key reminds you lightness is key.

If crystals aren’t really your thing, maybe lightweight carbon fiber is.

McLaren’s key has three buttons and is backed with a carbon fiber rear.

Because you can never have too much carbon fiber.

 

It’s a fob with the best of both worlds.

On one had, it has this really neat, smooth packaging so it fits squarely in your palm. It also offers all of the traditional functions of a fob, like the ability to lock, unlock, and pop open the trunk of the car.

But on the other hand, in the fob is still a good ol’ fashion key that swings out.

It’s a fun mix of old and new.

Pagani’s aluminum key does more than just look good.

Though Porsche and Tesla have similar offerings, Pagani’s key fob is the one that truly stands out.

First, it’s the perfect cool looking desk ornament.

Second, it’s also a USB flash drive.

Third, it’s still a key.

How’s that for multi-functional?

Corvette has a great, matte black box of a key.

Most automakers stick to a rounded shape for their key fobs, but Corvette’s black box fits the vibe of the souped-up muscle car.

In addition to the typical fob functions, it also lets you remote start the car.

The Jaguar F-Pace Activity Key is the key to have if you hate using keys.

The Jaguar F-Pace Activity Key is the key to have if you hate using keys.

Jaguar

With the F-Pace’s Activity Key, by holding your wrist up to the Jaguar badge on the rear of the car, you can lock or unlock the vehicle. And it’s waterproof!

The Activity Key is available as a $400 option.

But if you hate even what we consider the crème de la crème of car keys, there’s good news: Volvo is going to start getting rid of keys altogether.

But if you hate even what we consider the crème de la crème of car keys, there's good news: Volvo is going to start getting rid of keys altogether.

Volvo Car Group

Volvo will start selling cars that come with a Bluetooth-enabled digital key that lives on your smartphone. The digital key can lock, unlock, start, and drive the car.

Business Insider’s Aaron Brown wrote a previous version of this article.

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Professional Auto Repair

Audi

Professional Auto Repair Shop In Canyon Lake, TX

Hillside Auto provides Canyon Lake, TX with dependable auto repair and maintenance services.We service all makes and models, both foreign and domestic and we have ASE certified technicians to assist you with your needs. We have over 30 years of experience and we offer quality workmanship.

We are family owned and operated and we use the latest diagnostic equipment to guarantee your vehicle is serviced correctly while maintaining your manufacturer’s warranty. We only use quality replacement parts, and our technicians are ASE-certified. Call us at (830) 899-2525 to schedule an appointment or just stop on by. Our friendly and professional staff will be glad to answer any question you may have about our services.

Call us now for all of your Canyon Lake, TX auto repair needs!

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Full Service Auto Repair Center

mobile-mechanic-baltimore

We Pride Ourselves In Our Knowledge Of Auto Repair And Maintenance To Get Your Car Back On The Road.

At Hillside Auto, our trusted ASE certified technicians have years of experience on handling any auto repair and maintenance service for your vehicle. Located in Canyon Lake, our state-of-the-art auto center is ready to serve all your vehicle repair and maintenance needs.Whether you need service for your car, truck, SUV, or commercial equipment, Hillside Auto is just the place for you. From low-cost oil changes and maintenance to tune-ups, our repair shop offers you quality auto repair and tire service without costing you a fortune.

Call us today for more information on how we can help with all your automotive needs!

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